One Store’s Trash, Another Store’s Treasure: Analysis of the Geography and Outcomes of Wal-Mart Discount Store Conversions in Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas

Authors: Murray Rice*, University of North Texas, Brian King, University of North Texas
Topics: Business Geography, Economic Geography, Urban Geography
Keywords: retail geography, Wal-Mart, land use, change
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/13/2018
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Bacchus, Marriott, River Tower Elevators, 4th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

In the 1990s, Wal-Mart began the process of converting its existing “Discount Store” format to add square footage for groceries and a broadened general goods selection. At the local level, the “conversion” of these Discount Stores to the more expansive Supercenter format is important because, in actuality, the process typically entails closing the original store and relocating the expanded operations to a new, nearby site serving substantially the same local market. These Wal-Mart store conversions have yet to be analyzed geographically. This study focuses on the Wal-Mart Discount Store to Supercenter conversion process in Dallas-Fort Worth, a region in which Wal-Mart converted 34 stores between 1994 and 2015. Our research analyzes the context of each closure in relation to Wal-Mart’s regional locational strategy, applying geographically weighted regression (GWR) techniques to explore possible predictors influencing the outcomes of land use changes at former Discount Store locations.

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