Multi-feature classification approach for high spatial resolution hyperspectral images

Authors: Bo Xu*, California State University, San Bernardino, Wei Xia, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100094, China, Yumin Tan, Department of Civil Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
Topics: Remote Sensing, Quantitative Methods, Land Use and Land Cover Change
Keywords: High spatial resolution, Hyperspectral images, Multi-feature, Spatial features, Classification
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/11/2018
Start / End Time: 5:20 PM / 7:00 PM
Room: Lafayette, Marriott, River Tower Elevators, 41st Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

High spatial resolution hyperspectral images not only contain abundant radiant and spectral information, but also display rich spatial information. In this paper, we propose a multi-feature high spatial resolution hyperspectral image classification approach based on the combination of spectral information and spatial information. Three features are derived from the original high spatial resolution hyperspectral image: the spectral features that are acquired from the auto subspace partition technique and the band index technique; the texture features that are obtained from GLCM analysis of the first principal component, after principal component analysis is performed on the original high spatial resolution hyperspectral image; and the spatial autocorrelation features that contain spatial band X and spatial band Y, with the grey level of spatial band X changing along columns and the grey level of spatial band Y changing along rows. The three features are subsequently combined together in Support Vector Machine to classify the high spatial resolution hyperspectral images. The experiments with a high spatial resolution hyperspectral image prove that the proposed multi-feature classification approach significantly increases classification accuracy.

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