Ethnic Health Inequities in the US and Scotland: Interpersonal Violence and Abuse as Health Inequity in Geographies of the Intimate

Authors: Heather Davis*, University of Tennessee
Topics: Medical and Health Geography, Ethnic Geography, Disabilities
Keywords: Health Inequalities, Ethnic, Health, Medical, Interpersonal Violence, Social Justice, Economic Justice, Environmental Justice, Scotland
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/11/2018
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Proteus, Sheraton, 8th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

As a first year PhD Student in Human Geography, my paper will discuss the issue of interpersonal violence / abuse (IPVA) as a health inequity (HI) and, therefore, a multi-scalar geography of the intimate (body as landscape for violence) that is both caused by and impacts on far reaching geographical and intersectional areas of human experience. With a focus on the theoretical frameworks and evidence that underpin the Scottish and US perspectives of HI and IPVA, I discuss the disproportionate effect on ethnically and racially marginalized populations from the intersectionality framework of gender, race, and class, and including sociocultural context, stigma, discrimination, and group norm enforcement, along with the special consideration of mental ill health and IPVA. I discuss the health impact of IPVA and trauma on the body, which makes IPVA also a global public health crisis. Finally, I discuss solutions from an intersectional point of view, and, in particular, the effectiveness of community based solutions. This paper is the initial contribution to my wider dissertation research proposal, focusing on cross-country comparisons between Scotland the US on HI, particularly mortality, with a sub-focus on HI in regards to ethnically and racially marginalized populations. This research is intended to aid in policy recommendations to US and Scottish national and local governments regarding the impact of HI on their respective populations. It is my joint co-supervised PhD project between NHS Health Scotland, the health inequalities agency (NHS Board) of the Scottish Government and the University of Tennessee, Department of Geography.

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