Knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) towards dengue fever in Cali, Colombia

Authors: Irene Casas*, Louisiana Tech University, Eric Delmelle, University of North Carolina at Charlotte
Topics: Medical and Health Geography, Spatial Analysis & Modeling, South America
Keywords: dengue fever, Cali-Colombia, KAP
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/10/2018
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Lafayette, Marriott, River Tower Elevators, 41st Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

A critical step to curb the presence of a vector-borne disease (VBD) in endemic regions is through prevention and eradication of the vectors responsible for spreading the disease. This is particularly important for VBDs where vaccines are in their infancy stage, and have not yet been fully tested. In this presentation, the city of Cali, Colombia, an endemic area to dengue fever, is chosen to study the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of communities within the city towards the disease. Individuals visiting four health facilities are surveyed (n = 146) with the goal of: (1) estimating level of awareness of the disease, (2) identifying differences in awareness based on location and demographic factors, (3) determining if the municipality has been successful in educating its residents regarding the disease, (4) estimating whether residents are capable of recognizing the mosquito that transmits the disease, and (5) if residents practice any measures to prevent the mosquito from being present in their living environments. Approximately 70% of the individuals surveyed are familiar with the disease and its dangers. However, only 33% can identify the mosquito that transmits the virus. 58% of individuals are familiar with the measures promoted by the health municipality and from that group, the majority (90%) apply some sort of measures to reduce the presence of the mosquito, such as avoiding stagnant water deposits. Conclusion and Public Health Relevance. Understanding the communities’ behavior towards the disease can help plan more successful communication campaigns to eradicate the mosquito transmitting the virus.

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