Discursive Construction of the Belt and Road Initiative: From neoliberal to inclusive globalization

Authors: Weidong Liu*, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Michael Dunford, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Boyang Gao, Central University of Finance and Economics, China
Topics: China, Development, Asia
Keywords: the Belt and Road Initiative, globalization, neoliberalism, inclusive globalization, China
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/11/2018
Start / End Time: 1:20 PM / 3:00 PM
Room: Bacchus, Marriott, River Tower Elevators, 4th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

There is an increasing international consensus that the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) affords a platform for more and more countries to explore new international economic governance mechanisms and new development paths. In the meantime, neoliberal globalization has arrived at a crossroads, while anti-globalization voices are louder, and anti-globalization practices more frequent since the 2008 global financial crisis, challenging the future of globalization at the scale of the world as a whole. Against this background, political elites and scholars increasingly see the BRI as a possible alternative and new globalization path and, in particular, as a path towards inclusive globalization. Based on a brief review of the process and mechanisms of global economic global expansion, and a critique of neoliberal globalization, this paper tries to use the vision and actions proposed by the BRI to develop the concept of inclusive globalization. The paper suggests that inclusive globalization involves at least the following dimensions: a better and more powerful role of state as a mediator to ensure social justice and stability; correcting the duration mismatch in financial markets and provision of more patient capital to finance infrastructure development, productive activities and real services in economically less-developed countries and regions; encouraging countries to choose and experiment with development paths that best fit their national conditions and values; enabling all stakeholders to participate equally in globalization; and protecting cultural diversity while promoting economic globalization.

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