Authors: Carolina Gueiros*, University of Oxford, Sébastien Jodoin, McGill University
Topics: Development, Land Use and Land Cover Change
Keywords: REDD+, climate change, environmental governance, transnational, domestic policy, Brazil
Session Type: Paper
Start / End Time: 4:40 PM / 6:20 PM
Room: Endymion, Sheraton, 8th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded
Over 60 developing countries have crafted REDD+ programs that seek to transform the way forests are governed in the context of climate change. These initiatives are supported by the rules, norms, funding, and assistance provided by a wide array of multilateral and bilateral initiatives across the globe. Whether REDD+ will deliver transformative change in forest governance remains an outstanding question. More research is needed to understand how domestic policy actors may harness the transnational pathways of influence opened by REDD+ to foster such change on-the-ground.
This paper examines the pursuit of REDD+ in Brazil. While debates have been ongoing at the federal level, three states in the Brazilian Amazon have developed state-level, or jurisdictional REDD+ policies. We seek to understand why and how the Brazilian states of Amazonas, Acre, and Mato Grosso decided to enact jurisdictional policies, while others have not. We will explore the interplay between the transnational pathways of influence generated by REDD+ and strategies of domestic policy entrepreneurship in each state, as well as the dynamics of policy innovation and transfer that might have taken place among the states themselves. Drawing on 50 interviews with key policy makers in Brazil, document analysis, and participant-observation, we will process-trace how domestic policy actors have harnessed the pathways of influence provided by the transnational REDD+ movement. We will also examine how their efforts interact with federal initiatives. This paper will generate lessons about the pursuit of REDD+ within a federal system, and the cross-scale dynamics of policy innovation and transfer.