Protecting Sensitive Coastal Areas with Exclusion Booms during Oil Spill Events

Authors: Tony Grubesic*, Arizona State University, Ran Wei, University of California - Riverside, Jake Nelson, Arizona State University
Topics: Geographic Information Science and Systems, Hazards, Risks, and Disasters, Marine and Coastal Resources
Keywords: oil spill response, optimization, planning, Gulf of Mexico, spatial analysis
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/12/2018
Start / End Time: 10:00 AM / 11:40 AM
Room: Poydras, Sheraton, 3rd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Oil spills at sea remain a serious threat to coastal settlements and sensitive ecosystems. Although the impacts of spills are contingent upon a variety of environmental factors and the chemical composition of the oil itself, spill effects can be long lasting in the pelagic zone with broad impacts on sensitive bacterial, microbial, plant and animal communities. This paper provides a geographic perspective for protecting coastal areas with exclusion booms during oil spill events using a combination of spatio-temporal simulation, mathematical modeling and GIS. A simulated tanker spill near Mobile Bay (Alabama) in the United States is used as an illustrative example.

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