Conceptualizing the Role Geographic Information Capacity has on Quantifying Ecosystem Services under the Framework of Ecological Disaster Risk Reduction (EcoDRR)

Authors: Zachary Sutherby*, Rochester Institute of Technology, Brian Tomaszewski, Rochester Institute of Technology
Topics: Environmental Science, Hazards, Risks, and Disasters, Environment
Keywords: Disaster Risk Reduction, Ecosystem Services, Geographic Information Capacity, Hazards
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/12/2018
Start / End Time: 3:20 PM / 5:00 PM
Room: Napoleon A3, Sheraton, 3rd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The use of ecosystems to mitigate the impacts of disasters is a beneficial and a viable option for community stakeholders. Ecosystem services are the underlying reason for this benefit. In terms of Disaster Risk Reduction, ecosystems can mitigate the effects of hazards experienced in anthropogenic communities. The use of ecosystems with regards to disaster risk reduction has been termed “Ecological Disaster Risk Reduction” and is the idea of sustainable management, conservation, and restoration of ecosystems to maximize ecosystem services and reduce disaster impact. The use of geospatial technologies to monitor large scale ecosystems are often subject to Geographic Information Capacity, or the ability of ecosystem stakeholders to utilize all existing geographic information, resources, and capacities to monitor ecosystem services. For example, there are many spatial tools that quantify ecosystem services in general, including InVEST, TESSA, and EcoMetrics as a few examples. Though these tools are useful, currently there is not a tool that specifically quantifies ecosystem services in the context of DRR. This presentation will (a) briefly discuss current geospatial technologies that quantify ecosystem services along with their advantages and limitations, (b) proposals for a spatial tool with the intention to quantify ecosystem services in the framework of Eco DRR, and (c) case studies where this proposed tool could prove to be beneficial. A tool that provides a community, society, or organization the ability to quantify ecosystem services in terms of DRR will provide a significant contributor to their GIC.

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