Childhood cancer disparities in Texas

Authors: F. Benjamin Zhan, Texas State University, Niaz Morshed*, Geography, Texas State University
Topics: Human-Environment Geography, Spatial Analysis & Modeling, Medical and Health Geography
Keywords: Health disparity, Childhood cancer, Texas
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/13/2018
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Bourbon Room, Astor, Mezzanine
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Cancer is the second most common cause of death in the United States, accounting for about 1 of every 4 deaths in the US. Although cancer is not the most common in childhood, it accounts for a considerable number of deaths in children all over the world. The study examined childhood cancer disparities in Texas based on individual-level data from 1995 to 2014 from the perspective of geographic location, race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES). The analysis employed both individual-level variables which include age, sex, race/ethnicity and treatment data, and census tract level variables which include SES, incidence and survival rates, healthcare data, and environmental data. Geographic disparities of cancer (i.e. childhood cancer) outcomes were evaluated using the spatial scan statistics method. Analysis of racial disparities across geographic areas was conducted using two test statistics such as relative (Risk Ratio, RR) and absolute (Risk difference, RD) measures. This presentation reports the preliminary results of the analyses.

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