Ecosystem based adaptation for food security: Experiences from two rural communities in Ghana

Authors: John Boateng*, University of Ghana, Joyce Boateng, Seven Hearts Ghana
Topics: Agricultural Geography, Environment, Land Use and Land Cover Change
Keywords: Climate, change, adaptation, land use, conservation, degradation
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/11/2018
Start / End Time: 10:00 AM / 11:40 AM
Room: Astor Ballroom II, Astor, 2nd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


The forested areas in the Eastern Region of Ghana hold vast potential to enhance agricultural productivity and in respect of food security. The area also has the capacity to help to supply the food needs for the whole country. However, with prevailing widespread of degraded and heavily leached acidic soils, climate change increasingly brings about unpredictable weather other patterns, resulting in droughts in some places and flooding in others. When these events happen, resource poor farmers with low income, ill-equipped and with small land holdings suffer. This paper describes the findings deriving from the work of a team of researchers and development workers in the Eastern Region of Ghana. The team trained resource poor farmers in climate change and ecosystem-based adaptation strategies and measured effects on crop yield of participating farmers. Starting from, 2013, volunteers worked with farmers through the season in the two villages. Farm visits continued until 2015 when paper based questionnaire survey was carried with 211 respondents to understand issues that affect ecosystem based adaptation driven agriculture in the two rural communities. Ten of the 211 respondents were selected for in-depth interviews. Results revealed that farmers adopted several strategies including altering planting dates, intercropping trees with food crops, mixed cropping and used ridges and mounds. Participating farmers (60%) increased their yields from about 26 to 40%. Other farmers (19%) increased their yields over 40% above the baseline where those methods were not used extensively.

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