Authors: Vida Vanchan*, SUNY Buffalo State
Topics: Economic Geography, Urban and Regional Planning, United States
Keywords: geography of reshoring, global production networks, global value chains, competitive dynamics, theory, incremental decision-making, evolution, reshoring, offshoring
Session Type: Paper
Start / End Time: 2:40 PM / 4:20 PM
Room: Estherwood, Sheraton, 4th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded
This paper offers the latest geographical analysis of reshoring activities that have occurred in United States. It explores the restructuring of global production with a focus on the reshoring or repatriation of manufacturing to the United States. Reshoring needs to be conceptualized by drawing upon and combining approaches developed in Global Production Network (GPN) with micro-approaches to understanding firms including the development of a geography of production tasks. Geography of American reshoring reflects alterations in the differentials that exist between localities that were initially responsible for the offshoring decision. A task is reshored back to the U.S., on the one hand; and is reshored to a particular state and locality within that state, on the other hand. The southern US states, such as South Carolina, Texas and Kentucky continue to be the most important reshoring and business investment destinations while China, Mexico and India top the reshoring origins. From a regional perspective, Asia, South America, Europe, North America and Africa are regions from which companies have reshored.