Flooding, housing resettlements and the spatial logic of the market in Santiago de Cali

Authors: Hugo Sarmiento*, UCLA
Topics: Urban and Regional Planning, Cultural and Political Ecology, Latin America
Keywords: Climate change adaptation, Housing Policy, Latin America
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/13/2018
Start / End Time: 5:20 PM / 7:00 PM
Room: Napoleon B3, Sheraton 3rd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

This paper presents the preliminary results from a study of the housing market strategies the City of Santiago de Cali, developers and residents use to negotiate the financial costs associated with Proyecto Plan Jarillon’s resettlements. Widespread flooding caused by the 2011 El Nino events placed climate change adaptation on the Colombian development agenda. Plan Jarillon consists of the reinforcement of 27 kilometers of a levee along the Cauca River, and the city’s flood control system more broadly. Integral to the project’s strategy is the resettlement of approximately 8,700 families who have, over several decades, established informal settlements along the levee. Plan Jarillon then raises the questions: Is the spatial and economic logic of adapting a city to climate change, through a strategy which relies on housing resettlements, compatible with the current spatial and economic logic of the housing market? How are the economic threats and opportunities, generated by the resettlement and reinforcement strategy, distributed across households, developers and the city?

With support from La Javeriana University, a comparison was made between a sample of families before and after resettlement. The city agencies and developers involved in the process were also interviewed. Data was collected over a period of approximately two months. The findings from this fieldwork are considered in relation to an analysis of the city’s master plans, social housing policies and publicly available land and housing market data.

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