Making Territory and Renegotiating Citizenship through PES Initiatives in Indonesia

Authors: Abidah Setyowati*, Department of International Relations, Australian National University
Topics: Cultural and Political Ecology, Environment
Keywords: PES, territoriality, citizenship, Indonesia
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/11/2018
Start / End Time: 3:20 PM / 5:00 PM
Room: Galerie 4, Marriott, 2nd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) initiative has been promoted as a potential avenue to achieve a better balance between ecosystem conservation and livelihood outcomes. In Indonesia, the initiative has been widely adopted for nearly two decades, which ranges from policy initiatives, pilot projects to more established PES schemes, including REDD+, and covers various type of ecosystem services (e.g. water, carbon storage, biodiversity, landscape scenery, among others). However, when a PES initiative is implemented in a particular area, it is often subjected to multiple interpretations, vested interests and power struggles that are geographically and historically contingent. Drawing on PES case studies in Indonesia, this paper analyzes how the PES initiatives becomes important avenues to renegotiate political authority, territory and citizenship. It also examines the complex processes through which the authority to govern forest is claimed and legitimized and how citizenship is rearticulated through the renegotiation over rights to forest resources. This paper is based on a research carried out in 2010-2012 and a recent field trip in 2017.

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