Innovation and Adaptation Patterns in Agricultural Production – a Comparison of Three Regions of Intensive Livestock Production

Authors: Arne Bünger*, University of Greifswald, Daniel Schiller, University of Greifswald
Topics: Economic Geography, Agricultural Geography
Keywords: Innovation Patterns, Adaptation Patterns, Agri-Food Industry, Regional Comparison, Logistic Regression
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/11/2018
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Regent, Marriott, River Tower Elevators, 4th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The production of pig and poultry is an empirical example for highly localized production networks. The agri-food industry in Europe is characterized by small and medium-sized enterprises and traditionally classified as a “low-tech” industry. It is the aim of this paper to investigate how innovation and adaption behaviour are determined by the affiliation of actors to a localized production system. It is expected that farmers from the Netherlands perform better in terms of innovation output due to their higher openness to innovation. Value chains for pig and poultry production in France are very complex and farmers have to rely on inputs from suppliers which results in limited decision power. This might be a barrier to innovation. The innovation performance of German farmers is expected to be somewhere in between. Meat production in Germany is characterized by efficiency on the one hand, but by several lock-ins in terms of ecological and social dimensions and a high price sensitivity of consumers on the other hand. We carried out quantitative firm surveys in three regions of intensive livestock production (north-western Germany, southern Netherlands and western France). These regions differ not only in terms of consumption habits and openness to innovation, but also in terms of supply patterns, the configuration of production networks and regional innovation systems. The hypotheses are tested by using cluster analysis and a logistic regression model.

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