Wildlife conservation in Kenya and Tanzania and effects on Maasai communities

Authors: Daniel Sambu*, University of Wisconsin -La Crosse
Topics: Africa, Human-Environment Geography, Hazards and Vulnerability
Keywords: Africa, community conservation, sustainable communities, wildlife conservation
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/13/2018
Start / End Time: 5:20 PM / 7:00 PM
Room: Evergreen, Sheraton, 4th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


For many years, the Maasai communities in Kenya and Tanzania practiced nomadic pastoralism, with their movement in search of water and pasture dictated by irregular wet and dry seasonal climatic pulse. This was possible because the management and ownership of natural resources, including water and pasture, and lay in the hands of traditional communal institutions. However, the advent of wildlife conservation changed this arrangement by expropriating huge chunks of land for exclusive wildlife conservation. While complicating conservation efforts, the changes continue to have profound social, economic, and cultural impacts to the Maasai communities. The paper reviews how some of these challenges are addressed by emerging community conservancies in the region

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