Integrating community well-being to plan for sustainable urbanisation in China

Authors: Cecilia Wong*, University of Manchester
Topics: China, Environment
Keywords: Urbanisation, Planning, China, Community Well-Being, Sustainable Development
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/12/2018
Start / End Time: 5:20 PM / 7:00 PM
Room: Galerie 4, Marriott, 2nd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The introduction of the ‘National New-type Urbanisation Plan’ by the Chinese government in March 2014 signifies a shift in its urban development strategy towards a more human-centred and environmentally sustainable pathway. In order to accommodate the rapid increase in urbanisation, the concept of a ‘new’ type of urbanisation is introduced for coordinating urban and rural development and supporting an urban lifestyle for ecological production and consumption. There are however inherent tensions among these core principles. The question still to be answered is whether the efficiency gains from urbanisation can offset the scale of environmental challenges brought by the associated growth consumption and infrastructure construction? As the urban form and associated infrastructure are not locked in yet, this rapid development presents challenges and opportunities to move towards a new type of urbanisation that is financially and environmentally sustainable. This will require both innovative and deliverable policy and planning models to manage the key challenges and balance the conflicting interests arising in the process. Thus, more efficient and effective use of resources for green production and consumption should be at the centre of urban economic activities and spatial planning. This calls for the need to develop a model of eco-urbanisation management that incorporates multi-scalar data, multi-processes, and multi-actor engagement.This paper aims to provide a critical debate on the dynamic interactive processes between urban development, resource consumption, and environmental impacts by emphasising the importance of the ‘well-being’ outcomes of urbanisation and environmental sustainability in developing a coherent spatial planning and management framework.

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