Emerging Barrios in New Orleans

Authors: Rosa Gomez-Herrin*, University of New Orleans
Topics: Urban and Regional Planning, Ethnicity and Race, Cultural Geography
Keywords: Latino urbanism, built environment, Latinx ethnic identity, compact cities
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/12/2018
Start / End Time: 10:00 AM / 11:40 AM
Room: Galerie 3, Marriott, 2nd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

As the United States experiences a demographic shift that will turn it into a majority minority nation, with Latinxs making up the largest ethnic minority group, urban planning policies and practices will need to be adjusted to meet the cultural needs of this and other ethnic groups, which are rooted in identity formation. My research explores how Latinxs’ ethnic identity is socially constructed and intrinsically tied to cultural manifestations that are (re)shaping the nation’s built environment. This critical/grounded theory research focuses on Latino urbanism under the current neoliberal framework of urban development, aiming to expand on the understanding of the important relationships between Latinxs and urbanization in a context where cities are being reconstructed or revitalized. I will use mixed methods to look at examples of Latino urbanism in the Greater New Orleans metropolitan area, where this population expanded rapidly after Hurricane Katrina, focusing on the intersections between ethnic identity and uses and (re) adaptations of the built environment. Also, by zooming into two neighborhoods with the highest concentrations of Latinx population in New Orleans, I will develop a grounded theory of emerging barrios to expand the Latino urbanism framework, I am defining these barrios as Census block groups in which Latinxs are between 25 and 50% of the population. Further, I will evaluate two main assumptions of the Latino urbanism framework in this context. Thus, this critical research explores how Latino urbanism might be a different paradigm for built environments.

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