Authors: Lucia Shimbo*, Universidade De São Paulo
Topics: Urban Geography, Latin America
Keywords: housing policy; real estate market; inequality; Global-South
Session Type: Paper
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Riverview I, Marriott, River Tower Elevators, 41st Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded
The articulation between capital accumulation and State has been problematized more and more in the housing policy considering the increase of the real estate market in the housing production and the dispossession processes promoted in the Global-South. In Brazil, the notion of ‘urban dispossession’ formulated in 1970 was fundamental to understand the relationship between urban problems (such as lack of basic urban infrastructure) and the dynamics of capital accumulation. In the 2010s, there is a set of extortions promoted by the rise of cost-of-living in the cities and of housing prices that transforms ‘urban dispossession’ to ‘real estate-financial dispossession’. In this sense, this article intends to analyze the main alterations in the forms of housing production and its relation to dispossession forms, promoted by urban conditions and by households’ debts, in the Metropolitan Area of São Paulo in the last forty years. It was adopted a mixed-methods study, which refers to three fundamental methodological and combined strategies: i) documentary research; ii) compilation and analysis of primary and secondary database; iii) bibliography research. We argue that if in the 1970s, the peripheral housing estates/home-ownership/self-construction trinomial was the engine of urban sprawl in the Metropolitan Area of São Paulo; in the 2010s, even with a strong restructuring in the forms of housing production and improvement in infrastructure conditions and urban services, self-construction persists alongside the production by real estate publicly traded companies, but with a new degree of dispossession.