Factors of Disaster Governance and Governability in Southern Chile

Authors: Paula Villagra*, Universidad Austral De Chile -, Carolina Quintana*,
Topics: Hazards, Risks, and Disasters, Planning Geography, Urban and Regional Planning
Keywords: Disaster Governance, Governability, Disaster resilience
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/11/2018
Start / End Time: 5:20 PM / 7:00 PM
Room: Napoleon A2, Sheraton, 3rd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Governance is a characteristic of disaster resilience. Governance refers to the interrelated set of institutions designed to reduce the impacts associated with disasters. In a resilient city, there is overlap in governance; if one institution fails, other can take its role when disaster strikes. Since governance has been traditionally fragmented, the disaster is managed by specialized institutions only. As a consequence, the concept of governability has emerged to encourage collective action among all affected actors. Particularly in the Chilean coast affected by tsunami, it is important to explore whether the response to the disaster tends to governance or governability. The objective of this study is to compare the disaster response between emergency institutions with that of the civil society. The concordance between their distribution and land use indicates the trend toward governability, while the opposite indicates the trend toward governance. Using the Projective Mapping Technique and Content and GIS analyses, the distribution of 95 institutions were mapped in Southern Chile. Most of the emergency institutions were found to be distributed in urban areas of towns only, while the distribution of the civil society spread, in addition, toward the rural and indigenous areas. Accordingly, governability occurs in centric and urban areas, and it decreases toward the peripheral areas, where the trend toward governance is more influential. Lack of flexibility of emergency plans, emergency infrastructure and resources availability determines whether the disaster response tends to governance or governability. These findings shed light on emergency and resilience planning (Fondecyt N.1150137 funded this study).

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