Pesticides and Agrobiodiversity in Emerging Market Production Systems in the High Atlas Mountains (Morocco)

Authors: Zachary Goldberg*, Penn State University
Topics: Cultural and Political Ecology, Agricultural Geography, Africa
Keywords: pesticides, agrobiodiveristy, political ecology, agroecology, food systems, High Atlas Mountains, Morocco, Africa
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/13/2018
Start / End Time: 5:20 PM / 7:00 PM
Room: Evergreen, Sheraton, 4th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Indigenous knowledge systems are changing as a consequence of adopting market production systems in traditional agroecosystems around the world. Furthermore, these production systems present new environmental hazards and social challenges to long term resilience and mountain adaptability. Moreover, pesticides are a particular issue that restructure indigenous knowledge and natural resource management. This research examines two emerging market production systems in the High Atlas Mountains: 1) commodity fruit production (CFP), and 2) specialty crop production (SCP), that local Amazigh communities are adopting as a replacement for traditional agro-silvo-pastoral systems. I will use ethnographic methods and surveys to compare how the two different production systems shape knowledge through different uses of pesticides and agrobiodiversity. Understanding how indigenous knowledge is evolving to account for these market production systems is critical for long term habitability of global mountain regions.

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