Implications of Large Retail Stores on Commercial Activities by Suburban and Inner City Location, A Comprehensive Metropolitan Analysis

Authors: Nana Ntim*, , Brian Ceh, Ryerson University, Oskaycan Turanoglu, Ryerson University, Tony Hernandez, Ryerson University
Topics: Economic Geography, Urban Geography, Canada
Keywords: retail, Toronto, box-store, walmart,
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/12/2018
Start / End Time: 10:00 AM / 11:40 AM
Room: Bacchus, Marriott, River Tower Elevators, 4th Floor


The impact that box stores can have on communities varies widely by region and place. One aspect of this research that needs further attention is to what extend any such impacts might vary by inner city versus suburban location. There is a scarce amount of research on the commercial impact that box stores might have on the inner city, partly because these retail establishments have proclivity to locate in suburban areas. This study examines whether the impact they have on communities varies by inner city and suburban location. To help understand this inquiry three Walmart supercenters were examined in suburban Toronto and three that are located within 9.5 kilometers or 6 miles of the CBD. The findings show that those box stores that are located in or near the core of the city are associated with more noticeable declines in nearby commercial activity compared to their suburban counterparts. The findings seem to warrant further investigation of understanding the implications of box store activity by geographical location, such as the core, suburban, and likely exurban and rural.

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