China’s Belt and Road Initiative: impacts of cross-border infrastructure projects on urban and tourism development in Nepal

Authors: Roger Chan*, The University of Hong Kong
Topics: Economic Geography, Land Use, China
Keywords: Infrastructure development, Belt and Road Initiative, Nepal, China
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/12/2018
Start / End Time: 5:20 PM / 7:00 PM
Room: Zulu, Sheraton, 8th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

With the introduction of China's "Belt and Road" Initiative and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), Government of Nepal has agreed to develop its connectivity with China through the development of Cross-border infrastructure such as Road, Rail and Electrical Transmission Line. It is assumed that increased connectivity will bring dynamism in regional and national development whereby tourism is one of the major agents to boost national economy through enhanced infrastructure. Improved connectivity would promote commercial activities, land transaction, tourism and local development; it may also affect local environment and heritage resources adversely if not planned and implemented in a proper manner. This paper reports on the findings from household survey and stakeholders’ interviews on the potential impacts of cross-border infrastructure on land use, tourism and community development in the Himalayas. Innovative spatial planning and land use strategy are call upon to promote sustainable tourism and community development.

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