Determinants of Coproduction and Collective Action Strategies in Four Low-Income Settlements of Dhaka, Bangladesh

Authors: Sharif A. Wahab*, Ohio University, Thomas A. Smucker, Associate Professor, Department of Geography, Ohio University, Ferdous Jahan, Professor, Department of Public Administration, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh
Topics: Urban Geography, Qualitative Research, Development
Keywords: Coproduction, Collective Action, Dhaka, Bangladesh, Urban Poverty, Low-income Settlement
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/13/2018
Start / End Time: 5:20 PM / 7:00 PM
Room: Balcony N, Marriott, River Tower Elevators, 4th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Dhaka, Bangladesh has over 5,000 low-income settlements that house more than 3 million people. In terms of exposure to environmental hazards, these settlements are often regarded as landscapes of disaster. Due to inadequate service provision by the state, coproduction and collective action have emerged as distinct strategies that people in these settlements use to enable access to urban services. This case study of low-income settlements examines the specific institutional forms that collective action and coproduction take in four distinct institutional settings in Dhaka, a city that The Economist Intelligence Unit has recently identified as the second most unlivable city in the world. The analysis examines whether structural factors explain the variation in coproduction and collective action dynamics among these settlements. Our qualitative analysis draws on extensive field data derived from institutional mapping, problem ranking exercises, and key informant interviews. The case study demonstrates that land tenure, social homogeneity, and collective threats are the primary structural factors that explain the geographies of coproduction and collective action across the four communities.

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