Modeling Urban Encroachment on The Agricultural Land on The Nile Delta Using Advanced Geospatial Technology

Authors: Kelsee Bratley*, University of North Carolina - Wilmington, Eman Ghoneim, University of North Carolina - Wilmington
Topics: Land Use and Land Cover Change, Remote Sensing, Africa
Keywords: Egypt, Land Change Analysis, Urbanization, Remote Sensing, Hybrid Classification
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/13/2018
Start / End Time: 5:20 PM / 7:00 PM
Room: Napoleon Foyer/Common St. Corridor, Sheraton, 3rd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Historically, the Nile Delta has played an integral part in the Egyptian civilization, for its fertile soils have been cultivated for thousands of centuries. The region offers a lush oasis among the expansive arid climate of Northern Africa; however, in recent decades, many anthropogenic changes to the environment have jeopardized Egypt’s agricultural productivity. Political instability and lack of sufficient regulations regarding urban growth and encroachment have put agricultural land in the area at risk. In order to investigate the latest rate of urban expansion, Terrset geospatial software was utilized. Mosaicked LANDSAT 8 MSS scenes covering the entire Nile Delta during the years 1988, 2008, 2014, and 2017 were classified using the Hybrid Classification procedure, through a Land Change Modeler program. Results indicated that between the years 1988 and 2017, agricultural areas have decreased due to urban encroachments. Areas most at risk from future urban expansion were identified by utilizing a Change Prediction module. The used methods are beneficial in assessing the rate of urban encroachment on agricultural lands, and if appropriate site-specific modifications are considered, they can be applied to similar at-risk regions.

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