Title:​ ​Urban​ ​ecologies​ ​of​ ​vulnerability​ ​and​ ​risk:​ ​Spatial​ ​patterns​ ​of​ ​urbanization,​ ​inequality, and​ ​subsistence​ ​fishing​ ​in​ ​New​ ​Orleans

Authors: Dustin Robertson*, Tulane University City, Culture and Community PhD. Program, Meghna​ ​ N Marjadi, Department of Environmental Conservation, Massachusetts Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Lauren Drakopulos , Department of Geography University of Washington, Sarita​ ​ Panchang​, Department of Public Health, University of South Florida, Zach​ ​Koehn​, School of Aquatic and Fishery Science, University of Washington, Lian Guo, Graduate Program in Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Department of Environmental Conservation, Department of University of Massachusetts, Amherst
Topics: Human-Environment Geography, Urban Geography
Keywords: subsistence fishing, urbanization, sustainability
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/14/2018
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Studio 2, Marriott, 2nd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Processes​ ​of​ ​urbanization​ ​often​ ​unequally​ ​impact​ ​different​ ​communities'​ ​access​ ​to​ ​resources such​ ​as​ ​food,​ ​water,​ ​housing​ ​and​ ​green​ ​space.​ ​This​ ​can​ ​lead​ ​to​ ​social​ ​exclusion​ ​and​ ​increase exposure​ ​to​ ​environmental​ ​hazards​ ​for​ ​poor​ ​and​ ​communities​ ​of​ ​color.​ ​Subsistence​ ​fishing​ ​is classified​ ​as​ ​a​ ​recreational​ ​activity​ ​in​ ​the​ ​US,​ ​especially​ ​in​ ​urban​ ​environments,​ ​despite providing​ ​crucial​ ​nutritional​ ​support​ ​for​ ​certain​ ​populations,​ ​particularly​ ​poor​ ​and​ ​minority communities.​ ​Although​ ​there​ ​has​ ​been​ ​considerable​ ​research​ ​on​ ​processes​ ​of​ ​urbanization, research​ ​on​ ​the​ ​impact​ ​of​ ​urbanization​ ​on​ ​subsistence​ ​fishing​ ​is​ ​limited.​ ​Urbanization​ ​can​ ​limit accessibility​ ​of​ ​fishing​ ​sites​ ​and​ ​abundance​ ​of​ ​fish​ ​while​ ​increasing​ ​contaminant​ ​levels​ ​in​ ​fish tissue.​ ​This​ ​paper​ ​offers​ ​preliminary​ ​results​ ​including​ ​a​ ​spatial​ ​analysis​ ​on​ ​survey​ ​data​ ​from​ ​the NMFS​ ​MRIP​ ​survey​ ​and​ ​demographic​ ​and​ ​environmental​ ​data​ ​to​ ​assess​ ​spatial​ ​patterns​ ​of vulnerability​ ​and​ ​risk​ ​in​ ​urban​ ​subsistence​ ​fishing​ ​populations​ ​in​ ​New​ ​Orleans.

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