Daily activity space of low-income residents in Nanjing

Authors: Hui Wang*,
Topics: China, Urban Geography, Asia
Keywords: home-work separation;spatial structure;low-income groups; commuting time;commuting distance;commuting flow
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/14/2018
Start / End Time: 10:00 AM / 11:40 AM
Room: Muses, Sheraton, 8th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Based on questionnaire survey and depth interviews, choosing low-income groups in six typical low-income settlements in Nanjing, standard confidence ellipse, spatial overlay analysis are used to measure income groups’ activity space and their use of urban space and community space of weekdays and weekends. The study also analyzes the influencing factors of residents' use of urban space to examine problems of spatial inequality among income groups. The results show that:(1)low-income residents spend less time on working time but more time on sleep, shopping, housework, personal affairs and other activities than not-low-income; (2)the distribution of activity space of low-income residents is less extensive than that of not-low-income residents, and the size of activity space of this group is significantly smaller than that of not-low-income.(3)not-low-income use much more space in traditional inner city than low-income, considering that Nanjing is a single-center city and most of the public service facilities and bus lines are located in the traditional inner city, it is reasonable that an individual use more that space means he or she can access to more high quality public services. (4)Although there was little difference in using activity space of community space by the two groups, low-income residents allocated more time around the home on weekdays and weekends. It shows that low-income residents’ daily lives are more dependent on space around their home. By constructing a regression model, it can be found that socio- economy, urban form and activity factors have significant impact on activity space.

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