Ethnic minority, enclaves and job accessibility in Hong Kong

Authors: Sui Tao*, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Sylvia He, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shuli Luo, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Topics: Transportation Geography, Ethnicity and Race, Spatial Analysis & Modeling
Keywords: Ethnic minority, job accessibility, socio-spatial equity
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/11/2018
Start / End Time: 3:20 PM / 5:00 PM
Room: Poydras, Sheraton, 3rd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

In the literature, the inferior socioeconomic conditions of the minorities have been linked with the spatial mismatch between their home and locations of employment opportunities. This study aims to investigate the spatial mismatch faced by the ethnic minority groups in an Asian context – Hong Kong. The ethnic minority groups in Hong Kong constitute over 6% (or over 450,000 residents) of its total population. However, little has been known about to what extent spatial mismatch exists in Hong Kong or other Asian cities. This deficit calls for investigation given the distinct composition of the ethnic minority populations and urban form in Hong Kong. We aim to shed light on this issue by investigating the spatial clustering of the ethnic minorities in Hong Kong in relation to job accessibility. To achieve this goal, the 2011 census data in conjunction with a suite of statistical techniques including Pearson correlation and logistic regression were employed. Findings highlight differentiated experience of accessing job opportunities across different minority groups in Hong Kong. Yet a link between severe spatial mismatch and ethnic enclaves was not strongly supported. Only the Filipino enclaves were associated with lower job accessibility, which, however, was plausibly attributed to their occupation (i.e., domestic helper) rather than residential choice. By revealing the experience of the ethnic minority groups in an Asian context, this study has contributed to the urban debate on spatial mismatch that has been largely dominated by the Western context.

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