Authors: Leandra Merz*, University of Florida
Topics: Natural Resources, Human-Environment Geography, Africa
Keywords: Keywords: Community Based Natural Resource Management, Conservation, Mozambique, Participatory Research
Session Type: Interactive Short Paper
Start / End Time: 5:20 PM / 7:00 PM
Room: Rampart, Sheraton, 5th Floor
Community Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) projects have been developed throughout Southern Africa as a method of involving local people in conservation with the joint goal of improved conservation and reduced poverty. This paper describes a situational analysis of Mangalane, Mozambique as a CBNRM project and governance training program were initiated. Mangalane consists of five villages that border Sabie Game Park, a private game reserve adjacent to Kruger National Park in southwestern Mozambique. The paper describes a participatory methodology to understanding the community in which a CBNRM project will be implemented, applies this methodology to the Mangalane communities, and offers information with which to guide economic development and land-use planning within Mangalane. The methodology includes household livelihood surveys, participatory mapping, interviews, and participatory workshops. The research shows that households are economically diverse, but heavily reliant on natural resources for survival. Historical trends show that many of these natural resources are declining over time due to over-exploitation. The governance dashboard revealed negative attitudes toward wildlife, which can be improved through effective CBNRM governance and improved livelihoods. The CBNRM program should support sound governance of natural resource management to reverse the trends of declining resources and support community land-use planning and economic development that includes livestock, agriculture, fish, and wildlife. The methodology described here is recommended for use in other CBNRM programs to adapt to the local context and to evaluate the success of the program over time.