The duality of technology-based urban development practices: a comparison of technology-led and community-led smart city developments

Authors: László Gere*, Pallas Athene Geopolitical Foundation
Topics: Urban and Regional Planning, Social Geography, Urban Geography
Keywords: urban development, smart city, development model, technology
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/10/2018
Start / End Time: 10:00 AM / 11:40 AM
Room: Napoleon C3, Sheraton 3rd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


The 21st century urban development practice increasingly uses the different kind of ICT solutions, technology is more and more embedded in the operation of a city, therefore, those who are involved in urban planning have to be aware of this issue. The so-called smart city solutions are of key importance in the social-economic development of the cities, their scientific analysis would be very important to keep up with their exponential spread.
The presentation first introduces briefly the 21st century technological revolution’s impacts on urban development, together with the most important elements of the smart city concept. Then it presents the critical discourse of the different levels of smart city planning, based on a three-level model. It compares the technology-led and community-led development practices through international examples.
The common feature of technology-led smart city developments is that the development goals are defined mainly by the technology companies, and the cities have only secondary role, they appear only as complex systems and the development goals are primarily just to find the optimal operation mode of these systems. The urban development means in these cases mostly greenfield developments.
The community-led development practices are characterized by the involvement of the local community in the process together with the planning professionals. The main goal of these kind of developments is the increase of social wellbeing and contentment, beside the economic reasons.

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