Nonlinear Modelling of Tropical Cyclone Frequency Based on Lasso and Random Forest

Authors: Tan Jinkai*,
Topics: Climatology and Meteorology, Hazards, Risks, and Disasters, Hazards and Vulnerability
Keywords: Tropical Cyclone; year-to-year increment; Lasso; Random Forest; Prediction
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/13/2018
Start / End Time: 5:20 PM / 7:00 PM
Room: Muses, Sheraton, 8th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

This study aims to propose a novel prediction scheme of tropical cyclone frequency (TCF) over the Western North Pacific (WNP). We concerned the large-scale meteorological factors inclusive of the sea surface temperature, sea level pressure, the Niño-3.4 index, the wind shear, the vorticity, the subtropical high and the sea ice cover, since the chronic change of these factors in the context of climate change would cause a gradual variation of the annual TCF. Specifically, we focus on the correlation between the year-to-year increment of these factors and TCF. The Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (Lasso) method was used for variable selection and dimension reduction from eleven initial predictors. Then a prediction model based on Random Forest (RF) was established by using the training samples (1978-2011) for calibration and the testing samples (2012-2016) for validation. The RF model presents a major variation and trend of TCF in the period of calibration, and also fitted well with the observed TCF in the period of validation though there was some deviations. The leave-one-out cross validation of the model exhibited most of the predicted TCF are in consistence with the observed TCF with a high correlation coefficient. A comparison between results of the RF model and the Multiple Linear Regression (MLR) model suggested the RF is more practical and capable of giving reliable results of TCF prediction over the WNP.

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