What is the contribution of public transport to accessibility? Examining equity and informality in the Bogotá region

Authors: Daniel Oviedo Hernandez*, University College London, Luis Angel Guzman, Universidad de los Andes, Nicolas Oviedo Davila, London School of Economics
Topics: Transportation Geography, Latin America
Keywords: Public transport, BRT, accessibility, equity, informality
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/10/2018
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Estherwood, Sheraton, 4th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Our research explores levels of equity in accessibility to employment in the city-region of Bogotá, Colombia's capital city. Building on consolidated methodologies for the assessment of accessibility, we estimate accessibility indicators at the zone level, evaluating how potential accessibility varies among income groups, and presenting evidence related to the contribution of public transport to social and spatial inequalities produced by the distribution of accessibility to employment. Our analysis builds on the concepts of social and economic inclusion, confronting potential accessibility with the coverage of Transmilenio, and its influence on the ability of different social groups to access formal and informal income-generating opportunities. This research interrogates the effects of BRT investments on improving accessibility to quality job opportunities, interpreting higher dependence from informal opportunities as precarious employment. Our study brings together two perspectives not often combine, providing tools and empirical evidence that seek to contribute to inform policy development in Latin America and other developing contexts. This paper also feeds into current debates on the role of accessibility in addressing social and spatial inequalities stemming from urban mobility and targeting of policies for low-skilled and low-income workers in the informal economy.

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