Challenge for elderly care in urban China: Planning for Elderly Care Facilities

Authors: Xiaolu Gao*, , Bingqiu Yan, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Topics: Urban Geography, Population Geography, Planning Geography
Keywords: population ageing, health care, urban planning, community development
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/10/2018
Start / End Time: 4:40 PM / 6:20 PM
Room: Grand Ballroom B, Astor, 2nd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Rapid population ageing and weakening family support ability in China bring huge demand for the social supply of elderly care (EC) services and EC facilities. In recent years, the governments have poured a lot of resources on the construction of new elderly care facilities. However, there are distinctive mismatches between the provision and real demand in terms of pricing, quality and location. A critical reason for this relies on the flaw of traditional planning method, i.e., to allocate public services of areas according to the amount of population, assuming that people would select the nearest facilities and that the demand of different demographic groups are similar. This spatial and social homogeneity assumption, however, does not hold with older people's demand for EC facilities in the real world. In this research, the concept of "EC zone" is proposed, i.e, the spatial unit identified from homogeneous demand, to precisely represent the demand in different areas. With this idea, the methods and models to support the planning of EC facilities are developed.

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