From the Triple Crop Burden to Sustainable Intensification: How Gendered Livelihoods Influence Farming Practice Adoption in the Vietnamese Mekong River Delta

Authors: Robin Lovell*, University of California - Santa Cruz
Topics: Agricultural Geography, Women, Sustainability Science
Keywords: Southeast Asia, Vietnam, Mekong, sustainable intensification, gender, rice
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/13/2018
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Studio 5, Marriott, 2nd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The Vietnamese Mekong River Delta emerged as a rice production giant in the 1990s due to policy changes, irrigation infrastructure investments, and late adoption of Green Revolution technology. Currently, the Vietnamese government is attempting to reduce environmental impacts resulting from the triple annual rice crop regime. This article explores how gender influences farming practice adoption using household livelihood survey data from Tien Giang Province. Each farm is disaggregated into male managed; female managed, and jointly managed plots. Our study finds that Conventional Intensification (CI) practices are more than twice as popular as Sustainable Intensification (SI) practices, and that CI and SI practices are adopted in pairs that compliment each other. We also show that gendered plot management is directly associated with SI and CI practice adoption, and there is an indirect gendered impact due to unequal access between the sexes to natural and human capitals that are associated with increased SI adoption. To conclude, we highlight specific opportunities for improvements in female uptake of SI practices through our suggested policy reform.

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