Cultural Heritage and Tourism Development in Oman: A GIS Approach to Measuring Cultural Landscape Variability

Authors: Shawky Mansour*,
Topics: Geographic Information Science and Systems, Landscape, Cultural Geography
Keywords: GIS, Cultural Heritage Landscape, Tourism Development, Oman
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/13/2018
Start / End Time: 1:20 PM / 3:00 PM
Room: Jackson, Marriott, 5th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Spatial diversities of historical and cultural heritages have always been considered vital indicators for widening the scope of tourism development. This diversity contributes positively to the structure of nations. Cultural and archaeological sites create better understanding and appreciation of national history thereby, contributing to sustainable tourism development. Oman with its ancient and modern civilization is full of archaeological treasures and heritage. Across the Omani governorates, there is a variety of unique cultural landscape including castles, palaces, mosques, hills, and museums. The main aim of this research is to investigate the spatial variation of archaeological, historical and cultural heritage in Oman. Moreover, identifying spatial patterns of cultural and historical sites enables decision-makers to increase the overall effectiveness of historical locations and settlements on tourist development. Many of tourist and archaeological organizations rely on Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and digital data to gather, organize, and interpret knowledge relating to cultural and historical sites. Yet the literature reveals little about the spatial analysis of the Omani cultural and historical settlements and their influences on tourist development. Consequently, this study is an attempt to fill this gap through providing a clear vision of sustaining and protecting the historical and cultural landscape across the Omani governorates. Moreover, spatial measures will be applied which gives direction and guidance toward identifying natural and anthropogenic influences on historical and cultural sites.

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