Cruise Tourism Industry: Spatial Distribution of Power and Territorial Appropriation Dynamics in the Context of Destination Development

Authors: Luc Renaud*, Universite De Montreal
Topics: Social Geography, Tourism Geography, Development
Keywords: Cruise, Territoriality, Power Relation, Territorial Appropriation, Tourism, Development, Caribbean, Enclave
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/13/2018
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Mid-City, Sheraton, 8th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Already known is how Cruise Tourism Industry’s great geographical mobility and freedom in deploying (or removing) its activities at destinations can create a dominant position when negotiating the operating conditions with ports of call. Caribbean and other part of the world have been particularly vulnerable in this regard. This article aims to provide a new spatial perspective on power relations between stakeholders through a critical approach of territorial appropriation strategies induced by the Cruise Tourism Industry deployment inland. Looking at the territorial dynamics generated by the development of cruise tourism in the context of the new port of call in southern Belize, we suggest a spatial analytical framework to understand how and where power relations deploy themselves at different scales; this is central in determining what role they play in the dynamics of coastal and inland territorial appropriation. Understanding territorial dynamics of power around port enclaves, in adjacent communities, and also inland where the Cruise Tourism Industry strategically deploys their activities will help local stakeholders of future destinations better respond/resist to the apparent imbalance of power caused by the unique nature of cruise tourism. We also believe that this framework may contribute to helping communities to better engage with other types of tourism development. Located a few kilometers offshore and operating since November 2016, Harvest Caye Port of call is a cruise ship company private island. This research is based on 52 semi-directed interviews and observations conducted in seven communities before and after the beginning of the operation.

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