Racial and Socioeconomic Dimensions of Asthma Hospitalizations and Sources of Air Pollution in Detroit, Michigan

Authors: Lonnie Barnes*, Michigan State University
Topics: Medical and Health Geography
Keywords: Detroit, Asthma, Air Pollution, Environmental Justice
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/14/2018
Start / End Time: 2:00 PM / 3:40 PM
Room: Southdown, Sheraton, 4th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) (2017) reports that asthma rates in the city of Detroit are considerably higher than in the rest of the state, with variation by sex, age and race/ethnicity. While studies have identified factors associated with high asthma rates –i.e., distance to highways and socioeconomic status, there is still a need to understand the high burden of asthma in Detroit. The purpose of this study is to estimate the spatial relationships between ZIP-code of residence, neighborhood levels of segregation and poverty, proximity to point and linear sources of air pollution and asthma hospital rates in the Detroit Metropolitan Area in 2015. Proximity of residence (ZIP-code) to point and linear sources of air pollution will be measured as a ZIP-code level average distance to point or line sources of emitting criteria air pollutants. Spatial regression analyses, controlling for differences between individuals, will be used to determine the relationship between proximity to sources of air pollution and frequency of hospitalizations for asthma. Variation in neighborhood socioeconomic status and segregation in relation to proximity to pollution sources and asthma hospitalizations across the metropolitan area will also be investigated.

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