Modeling Vulnerability to Inland and Coastal Inundation in North Carolina Using High-Resolution Finished Floor Elevations

Authors: Lauren Rosul*, , Narcisa Pricope, Department of Earth and Ocean Sciences University of North Carolina Wilmington
Topics: Hazards and Vulnerability, Human-Environment Geography, Coastal and Marine
Keywords: Vulnerability, Exposure, Sensitivity
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/10/2018
Start / End Time: 4:40 PM / 6:20 PM
Room: Napoleon B1, Sheraton 3rd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The coastal environment is densely populated and particularly vulnerable to threats associated with climate change. In the US millions of people residing in inland and coastal areas will be affected by inundation related to increasing sea-level in the coming decades. With such a large population at risk, the identification of social and physical aspects of a population that are most vulnerable to a potential hazard is essential. The development of vulnerability assessments has gained recognition as a useful tool to identify vulnerable populations and has been integrated into mitigation and hazard adaptation planning. By applying a sensitivity and exposure framework, this study will model the potential impacts of inundation and identify the characteristics of the population that contribute to vulnerability. Most of the vulnerability assessments to date have been conducted at the county scale potentially hindering the effectiveness of mitigation and adaptation planning in real-world settings. However, using the 2010 US Census at the block-group level and high-resolution building finished floor elevations, this study will identify locations, at a finer scale, with potentially vulnerable populations in the socially and physically diverse coastal North Carolina.

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