Aerosol Influence on Dynamic Parameters Required for Tropical Cyclone Genesis over the Tropical Southwest Pacific Ocean in Different Madden-Julian Oscillation Phases

Authors: Rupsa Bhowmick*, Louisiana State University, Jill C Trepanier, Louisiana State University
Topics: Climatology and Meteorology, Quantitative Methods, Hazards and Vulnerability
Keywords: Aerosol, tropical cyclone, madden Julian oscillation, tropical southwest Pacific Ocean
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/12/2018
Start / End Time: 10:00 AM / 11:40 AM
Room: Galerie 6, Marriott, 2nd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Tropical cyclones (TC) over the Southwest Pacific Ocean (SWPO) cause major disasters in Eastern Australia (EA). This study examines the relationship between aerosol properties and dynamic variables required for TC genesis in different Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) phases. MJO is a leading mode of interseasonal atmospheric variability in the tropical Pacific characterized by an eastward propagating, large-scale oscillation in tropical deep convection and causes cloudiness and rainfall over the Australian region. MJO phases and associated rainfall and cloudiness could potentially impact aerosol properties through atmospheric circulation patterns and anomalies. Previous research suggests aerosol properties significantly affect TC genesis through modulating thermodynamic parameters. This study uses aerosol optical depth (AOD) and the Ångström exponent (AE: qualitative indicator of aerosol particle size) from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer, Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer, and the Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor for the period of 1997–2016 as the independent variables and vertical wind shear, relative vorticity and specific humidity from NCAR as the dependent variables. Granger causality is used in this study to statistically determine the causal relationship between these aerosol properties and dynamic parameters over the tropical SWPO region. The regression analysis is evaluated for the different MJO phases to find the variability associated with the MJO. This study strives to find the modulating influence of the MJO on factors affecting TC genesis. Understanding these relationships can aid in the prediction of TC genesis and will be beneficial for applying proper risk management strategies in advance.

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