Characterizing Migratory Behavior, Climate Perceptions & Agricultural Practices in South Central Tanzania

Authors: Britta Schumacher*, University of California
Topics: Human-Environment Geography, Africa, Agricultural Geography
Keywords: Rural livelihoods, climate change, climate variability, migration, agriculture
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/11/2018
Start / End Time: 1:20 PM / 3:00 PM
Room: Iris, Sheraton, 8th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


The question of how climate change may impact rural livelihoods is of extreme importance in the Udzungwa Mountains region of the Eastern Arc Mountains in Tanzania, in particular due to the proximity of a growing population of commercial and subsistence agriculturalists to the Udzungwa Mountains National Park. After completing preliminary qualitative research in the region in 2014, focusing on the impacts of climate change on agricultural production and, therefore, on the fate of forest resources, I became interested in returning to complete my MA research on migratory behavior, climate perceptions & agricultural practices in villages on the eastern and northern edges of the park. Social surveys were completed in Msosa, Mang’ula A and Magombera villages (n = 202) from August to December 2017 and will be used to characterize agriculturalists perceptions of climate change and variability, the impact of migratory behavior on those perceptions & the nature of agricultural production in the area. I expect to find that status as a migrant and the number of years a migrant has lived in a given area influences understanding of real climate impacts. I also expect to find that perceptions of climate change and understanding of production change match available station and agricultural datasets. This research will be used to inform my PhD research on agricultural adaptation and diversification in smallholder livelihoods.

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