Commercial Neighborhood Attractiveness and Exclusion

Authors: Adam Davis*, University of California, Santa Barbara
Topics: Transportation Geography, Urban Geography, Business Geography
Keywords: neighborhoods, travel behavior, commercial districts, accessibility
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/12/2018
Start / End Time: 3:20 PM / 5:00 PM
Room: Bacchus, Marriott, River Tower Elevators, 4th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

City planning and travel behavior researchers are interested in understanding what makes places attractive to people and designing sustainable communities that allow people to meet their needs without driving. Likewise, urban geographers have become increasingly interested in neighborhood-scale analysis to understand how the process of gentrification entails the remaking of commercial and residential places. Most work in travel behavior research has focused on specific destinations or aggregate measures of accessibility, without considering the ways in which specific mixes of opportunities make some neighborhoods more attractive than others. The relationship between urban commercial neighborhoods and the travel decisions of multiple groups of people is vital to understanding sustainable development and neighborhood change. My paper investigates the ways in which different retail / commercial neighborhoods provide access different opportunities to different groups of people. I am particularly interested in answering the questions: how do workers in commercial neighborhoods differ from shoppers; do certain places seem to exclude people of certain racial/ethnic groups; how do life cycle stage, socioeconomic status, gender, and modes of travel affect the destination choices people make. I will investigate the relationship between commercial neighborhoods and travel behavior throughout California using statewide business data and the California Household Travel Survey.

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