Measuring Social Vulnerability in Minas Gerais, Brazil: Methodological Proposal Applied to Triângulo Mineiro E Alto Paranaíba

Authors: Eduarda Marques Da Costa*, Universidade de Lisboa - Centro de Estudos Geográficos, Leticia Parreira Oliveira, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
Topics: Hazards, Risks, and Disasters, Social Geography
Keywords: Social Vulnerability; Health Services; Education services; Triângulo Mineiro and Alto Paranaíba (MG)
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/11/2018
Start / End Time: 3:20 PM / 5:00 PM
Room: Grand Ballroom A, Astor, 2nd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The discussions on social vulnerability in the Brazilian context are essential to understand this problem in the contemporary context, once the debates on public policies and their effectiveness have been gaining visibility. In this way, analyzing these disparities in the regional cut, from the perspective of people's living conditions, can increasingly assist in the distribution and decision-making of the rulers. The research aims to work in the state of Minas Gerais, deepening for the analyzes in the Cerrado, specifically in the mesoregion of the Triângulo Mineiro and Alto Paranaíba, and its general objective is to understand and elaborate a typology of municipalities according to the degree of social vulnerability. The methodology will cover the selection of the indicators organized in five dimensions: Demography and urban structure; Basic infrastructure level; Income and work; Education (in both sub-dimensions: education level and access to service provision); Health (in both sub-dimensions: health status and access to service provision). After that, a factorial component analysis was carried out for the municipalities, correlating the data with the local urban dynamics, the historical process of territorial formation and the implantation of government police. There is less vulnerability in the microregions benefited by stronger public police, namely due to rodoviarian accessibility investments that improve connections to bigger cities as Brasília and to a better provision on health services. These results highlights the importance of medium-sized cities in the provision of services and in the decline of social vulnerabiltity at the same time they are regional and sub-regional leaders.

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