Title: Exploring the Spectrum of Social Protection Arrangements in Building Livelihood Resilience—The Case of Tropical Storm Erika in Dominica

Authors: Esther Lambert*, University of Toronto
Topics: Hazards, Risks, and Disasters, Human-Environment Geography, Social Geography
Keywords: climate change adaptation, disaster risk reduction, social protection, resilience, Caribbean
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/10/2018
Start / End Time: 10:00 AM / 11:40 AM
Room: Muses, Sheraton, 8th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Integration of the fields of social protection(SP), climate change adaptation (CCA) and disaster risk reduction (DRR) has been embraced as conceptually sound; however, more work is needed to better assess the impact of SP programmes and socially-conscious climate disaster programmes on livelihood resilience. More specifically, the role of informal SP systems or networks and support systems amongst family and friends has been largely overlooked within the SP/CCA/DRR discourse. To begin this conversation, however, the full range of informal social protection instruments for use in DRR for CCA needs to be acknowledged within the current SP/CCA/DRR integration discourse. Most of the scholarly work on the role of SP programmes in the context of climate shocks are centered around formal SP and heavily focused on rural communities in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, leaving much room for investigation into Caribbean Small Island Developing States (SIDS) like Dominica, whose residents suffered devastating impacts from Tropical Storm Erika in 2015. This paper identifies a wide range of social protection arrangements at work for a sample of 191 households in 4 Dominican communities severely impacted. While formal social protection played a significant role, effective, longterm recovery depends on a thoughtful coordination of formal and informal social protection arrangement (pre, during, post storm), strengthening existing social networks and trust relations and, an avoidance of duplicated efforts.

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