Changing imbalance: the spatiotemporal evolution characteristics of China’s National High-Tech Industrial Development Zones (1988-2017)

Authors: Liang Zhuang*, , Chao Ye, Faculty of Education, School of Geographic Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
Topics: China, Human-Environment Geography, Geographic Theory
Keywords: NHTIDZs; evolution characteristics; production of space; governmental power; policy; urbanization; China.
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/12/2018
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Oak Alley, Sheraton, 4th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The Science Parks is shared by more and more countries all over the world. This brings about another particular organization form which is known as National High-Tech Industrial Development Zones (NHTIDZs) in China, demonstrating the strategic and special nature of the spatiotemporal evolution characteristics in the past decades. These NHTIDZs epitomize the close relations between governmental power and urbanization, and have been the central focus of production of space. In the literature about Science Parks, little work has been done on the latest and whole sample space of China’s NHTIDZs. Based on the theory of production of space, this paper designs a framework about interactions among governmental power, NHTIDZs and urbanization. There are two main characteristics of the changing imbalance: sharp and unstable centralization establishment in some years; uneven and agglomerate concentration distribution in certain areas. In fact, these findings indicate that the development of NHTIDZs, as a kind of urbanization pattern, is dominated by state power according to the analysis of governmental policies. Urbanization is a process of spatial production. Because of the increasing demands of industries for production, NHTIDZs with policy privileges have become an important impetus for local governments to pursue. Then it is common to promote urbanization by expanding developmental high-tech zones nationwide. In the course of spatial production of NHTIDZs, the cyclic action of time, space and power contributes significantly to the transnormal urbanization process in China.

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