World City Typology and Government-Headquarter-Producer Service Relation in Space: Beijing as An Example

Authors: Xiulian Ma*, Chinese Academy of Governance
Topics: Urban and Regional Planning, Economic Geography, Urban Geography
Keywords: World Cities, State, Institutions, Producer Service, Headquarters
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/14/2018
Start / End Time: 4:00 PM / 5:40 PM
Room: Muses, Sheraton, 8th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

This paper examines Beijing’s government-enterprise relationship and their industrial-spatial outcomes. Doe close political and economic relations leading to multinational headquarters located close to government ministries in the inner city? Or relations are already relaxed, leading to the transnational corporations’ free move to suburbs? The analysis of the spatial data of MNCs' headquarters, government departments and advanced production services in Beijing shows that headquarters of central SOE are concentrated in the inner cities, for which the locations of the ministries are more attractive to them than the advanced production service industries. Other Chinese MNCs do not particularly concentrate headquarters within the inner city, and are much more impacted by advanced production service location than by the ministries’. Foreign MNCs proliferate headquarters to the suburbs and are affected only by the locatonal choice of advanced production services but not ministries’. The industrial-spatial characteristics of the world city Beijing are more in line with that of a developmental state. Meanwhile, it also bears some characteristics of a market-centered bourgeois world city. Whether the political-bureaucratic world city will gradually transform into a bourgeois world city, and whether the central SOE headquarters will move to the outskirts of the city, answers to these questions plead for further time-series analysis. In all, close/loose government–enterprise (or political-economic) relation, and world city type, are an important prerequisite to understand the relocation issue of central SOEs, defining core functions of the capital city, as well as industrial-spatial relations in world cities under an institutional perspective.

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