The direction of time in understanding the relationship of conflict, human and environmental security

Authors: Nathan Morrow*, TULANE UNIVERSITY
Topics: Human-Environment Geography, Military Geography, Remote Sensing
Keywords: conflict, environmental security, human security, remote sensing
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/11/2018
Start / End Time: 5:20 PM / 7:00 PM
Room: Napoleon B1, Sheraton 3rd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Armed conflict creates a negative reinforcing loop with human security. Conflict negatively impacts many aspects of human security as people may not be protected, lose jobs, become hungry, drop out of school or become ill. Forced migration may occur and communities may face a variety of threats and violence. The deteriorating human security in turn promotes violence and conflict. When institutions are weak and arms are available, this can often result in further hostilities. Conflict also has well documented direct and indirect negative impacts on the environment. Herbicides may be used or resources wasted in the midst of fighting. This review has also documented the many ways in which conflict negatively affects efforts to conserve and improve environmental assets. A three-tiered analysis approach begins at global scale and then zooms into detailed assessment of impact on environmental assets in different conflict contexts. ‘Conflict hotspot analysis’ was possible at the sub-national level because of the availability of additional sets of geolocated secondary data.

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