Authors: Xiaoguang Wang*, Central Michigan University, De Tong, School of Urban Planning and Design, Peking University, Shenzhen, China
Topics: Transportation Geography, Urban Geography, China
Keywords: urban rail transit, land development, China, urbanization, transportation
Session Type: Paper
Start / End Time: 10:00 AM / 11:40 AM
Room: Proteus, Sheraton, 8th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded
How urban rail transits reshape land development has been extensively studied in the US and European cities. Yet studies from developing or less-developed countries have been limited. The influences of rail transits on land development in developing countries like China have drawn much scholarly attentions in recent years, in part due to the speed and the scale of its rapid urbanization and the unprecedented development of its rail systems. The main research questions of our study are: whether or not rail transits serve as the magnets that attract new developments or redevelopments to areas surrounding stations; and whether the city-shaping ability of rail transits differs between central areas and suburbs. Our study focused on Shenzhen, one of the fastest urbanizing areas in China. We utilized land parcel data in Shenzhen collected in two different years, and applied multiple linear regressions to compare the effect of trail transit stations on land development by regions (i.e. central areas vs. suburbs). We hypothesize that the reshaping of land development by rail transits is more prominent in already-developed central areas, than that of low-density suburbs. Our research findings will help better understand the interactive relationships between transportation and land use in China and this study will contribute to a broader discussion of sustainable urbanization.