Locating Shelters for Earthquakes by Utilizing Optimization method: A case study for Baku,Azerbaijan

Authors: Gunel Huseynova*,
Topics: Geographic Information Science and Systems, Hazards, Risks, and Disasters, Planning Geography
Keywords: earthquake, shelter location, optimization model
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/12/2018
Start / End Time: 1:20 PM / 3:00 PM
Room: Napoleon Foyer/Common St. Corridor, Sheraton, 3rd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Locating in the Caucasus and Caspian Sea which are historically among the most seismically active regions on earth, Azerbaijan is also considered to be highly vulnerable to earthquake risk. The basin belongs to the Alpine- Himalayan system, an area high geological complication and large - scale active deformation. Many people in the area has suffered due to consequencies of the disaster in a way of staying homeless. Although the country considered as one of earthquake vulnerable countries, the decision for site selection is made after a disaster without reflection essential standards. Many researches have been applied for assessing vulnerability of area to seismicity. Considering previous research about earthquake in the area it is necessary to have strategic countermeasure plans for the earthquake risk mitigation. With this reason deciding the earthquake Emergency Shelter site by utilizing optimization model has been suggested in this study. Using optimization model for shelter allocation in Baku city could help planners in public sectors to gain more insights into strategic placement of earthquake shelters. As the first attempt of this study to apply MCLP for optimizing emergency shelters with specific focus on increasing sheltering demands, this study will be of great significance in helping policy makers consider financial and spatial aspects of strategic placement of emergency shelters.

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