Door-to-door demographics: The similarities and differences among American neighbors.

Authors: Christopher Fowler*, Pennsylvania State University
Topics: Population Geography, Spatial Analysis & Modeling
Keywords: race, census, segregation, diversity
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/11/2018
Start / End Time: 3:20 PM / 5:00 PM
Room: Astor Ballroom III, Astor, 2nd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Starting with data on the exact residential location of the US population in 2010 we can measure the racial composition of the five (or 50 or 500) closest neighbors to any household in the country. We are further able to distinguish many households by race/ethnicity and income. This framework provides a new way of seeing the American social landscape. Rather than averaging individual experience across fixed geographic areas, we examine the average experience of individuals of the same class and ethnoracial group. We find intense congregation of ethnoracial groups at very small scales for all income categories with this effect attenuating quickly with population. This suggests that, even for small publicly available geographies, measures of ethnoracial composition will under predict the homogeneity in an individual’s local context. Moreover, congregation by ethnoracial group at small scales needs further consideration as a mechanism shaping residential attainment.

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