Biodiversity conservation and property rights formalization initiatives in the Kilombero Valley, Tanzania – Implications for pastoral and smallholder livelihoods

Authors: Faustin Maganga*, University of Dar es Salaam
Topics: Cultural and Political Ecology, Human-Environment Geography
Keywords: biodiversity conservation; land use planning, land use conflicts, property rights formalization, Tanzania
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/13/2018
Start / End Time: 3:20 PM / 5:00 PM
Room: Evergreen, Sheraton, 4th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Environmental degradation in the Global South is often framed in terms of the Malthusian view that sees it as a result of scarcity, population growth, overstocking. Using this lens the Kilombero Valley has attracted a number of initiatives related to biodiversity conservation, property rights formalization and land use planning by various national and international organizations. The valley is an area of high biodiversity, with the presence of several endemic species and other threatened species. It is also one of the most important water catchment areas in Tanzania for electricity production, and it is responsible for more than 70% of the country’s hydroelectricity production. The valley falls within the Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor, an agricultural partnership which is heavily influenced by large agro-processing or agro supply corporations including Monsanto, DuPont, General Mills, Unilever, Yara and Syngenta. To realize its objective of transferring land from the “village” to the “general” category for investment purposes, the government is collaborating with the governments of the United Kingdom, Sweden and Denmark in implementing a titling “Land Tenure Support Program” in the valley. This paper presents the significance of the Kilombero environmental resources for local livelihoods, and discusses implications of recent conservation and property rights formalization initiatives for pastoral and smallholder communities, based on interviews with various actors and a reviews of published and grey literature

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