Quartzite rock samples and their potential for stone tool making in Michigan's Upper Peninsula

Authors: Robert Legg*, Northern Michigan University, Department of Earth Environmental and Geographical Sciences & ​Centre for Environmental Humanities, School of History and Humanities Trinity College, the University of Dublin, Joyce Neilson, University of Aberdeen, School of Geosciences, Garrett Raubinger, Northern Michigan University, Scott Demel, Northern Michigan University, Department of Sociology and Anthropology
Topics: Applied Geography, Indigenous Peoples, Land Use
Keywords: Archaeology, Stone Tool Making, PaleoIndian, Resources
Session Type: Illustrated Paper
Day: 4/11/2018
Start / End Time: 1:20 PM / 3:00 PM
Room: Canal St. Corridor, Sheraton, 3rd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

In this research, we identify the physical properties of quartzite rock samples sourced from Marquette County, in Michigan's Upper Peninsula. Throughout this county, quartzite rock outcrops are abundant, with evidence suggesting their use for stone tool making dating to the late Archaic period.

Here we identify the physical properties of these resources, their potential for tool making, and the possibility that these materials were sourced by groups who were living much further south. For comparison, we offer similar analysis on stone materials sourced from Hixton Wisconsin, a stone highly prized for tool making during this period. Our research aims to identify the physical properties of these rock outcrops, the potential for a draw to this area by the first peoples who utilized these the region. The research is a component of a predictive modeling analysis that identifies the patterns associated with early Archaic and late Paleoindian settlement in the area.

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